Diabetes Diabetic Retinopathy

Healthy eye compared to damaged eye.

Did you know diabetic eye disease is the main cause of blindness in working-age adults?

Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 90% of diabetes cases, is often referred to as Adult-onset diabetes because it usually occurs after the age of 40 in adults who are obese. Today, due to increasing obesity in youth and adults, environmental and lifestyle factors Type 2 diabetes is no longer defined by age. Type 2 diabetes, particularly when identified in early stages, may be managed with diet, exercise and careful monitoring of blood sugars. There are also oral medications and finally insulin for some.

Diabetic eye diseases include visual changes, cataracts, glaucoma, nerve or muscle damage and diabetic retinopathy. Retinopathy is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the “photographic film” inside our eyes that captures the images we see.

Opthalmologists can sometimes treat diabetic retinopathy with laser treatments, injections or surgery however damage and vision loss already caused is often irreversible. It is essential to screen for early retinopathy with a detailed eye exam carried out by an Optometrist to minimize the risk of severe vision loss and other diabetic health complications.

There are a number of medical conditions that can be discovered early through detailed eye exams. It’s time for your annual eye exam, book your appointment today!